The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is instrumental and responsible
for implementation of various programmes on a national scale in the areas of health
and family welfare, prevention and control of major communicable diseases and promotion
of traditional and indigenous systems of medicines. Apart from these, the Ministry
assists States in preventing and controlling the spread of seasonal disease
outbreaks and epidemics through technical assistance.
The Ministry has
the following four Departments:
1- Department of Health and Family
2- Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani,
Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH).
3- Department of Health Research.
4- Department of AIDS control.
Directorate General of Health Services (Dte.GHS) is an attached office of
the Department of Health and Family Welfare and has subordinate offices spread
across all over the country. The DGHS renders technical advice on all medical
and public health matters and is involved in the implementation of various health schemes.
The Department of Health and Family Welfare deals with health care,
including awareness campaigns, immunization campaigns, preventive
medicine, and public health and is responsible for aspects relating
to family welfare, especially in reproductive health, maternal health,
pediatrics, information, education and communications; cooperation with
NGOs and international aid groups; and rural health services.
The Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy
(AYUSH) deals with indigenous medicines like ayurveda, yoga,
naturopathy, unani, siddha, and homoeopathy, and other
alternative indigenous medicine systems. The Department was established
in March 1995 as the Department of Indian Systems of Medicines and Homoeopathy
(ISM&H).The Department is charged with upholding educational standards in
the Indian Systems of Medicines and Homoeopathy colleges, strengthening
research, promoting the cultivation of medicinal plants, and working on
The Department has two Statutory Bodies-
1- Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)
2- Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH)
Indian Medicines Pharmaceutical Corporation Limited (IMPCL) is a
Government of India Enterprise under the administrative control of Department of AYUSH.
The primary objective of the company is to manufacture and supply authentic quality
Ayurvedic and Unani products. The IMPCL products are mainly used in the Central
Government Health Scheme (CGHS), government hospitals, dispensaries and by the
various research councils. The company also sells its products to some State
Governments and in the open market.
A new Department of Health Research has been created in the Ministry by
amending Allocation of Business Rules. The President of India had notified
creation of Department of Health Research on 17.09.2007.
It was established in 1992, is a division of the Ministry of Health and
Family Welfare that provides leadership to HIV/AIDS control programme
in India through 35 HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Societies, and is
"the nodal organization for formulation of policy and implementation of programs
for prevention and control of HIV/AIDS in India."
In 1986, following
the detection of the first AIDS case in the country, the National AIDS Committee
was constituted in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. As the epidemic
spread, need was felt for a nationwide programme and an organisation to steer the
programme. In 1992 India’s first National AIDS Control Programme (1992-1999) was
launched, and National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) was constituted to implement